TurboTax Triggers a Revolt
For all intents and purposes, the free and paid versions of TurboTax were practically indistinguishable. Shortly after the launch of the Follow Me Home program, Intuit realized that while some people were using Quicken as intended—to balance their checkbooks—many were also using Quicken as a bookkeeping tool for their small businesses. It was this insight that led to the development of another immensely popular Intuit product, QuickBooks. Intuit may have been shoring up its products against future competition by focusing extensively on real-world use cases, but the usability labs and Follow Me Home programs were more than that.
You have an option to choose the best plan although you have the free plan which has just the basic tax operations. That makes sense, which makes it even more baffling that TurboTax didn’t anticipate the blow back it would get on the way its $25 refund offer works. It also seemed caught flat-footed by the ferocity of criticism over its change to TurboTax Deluxe. Last week, as TurboTax was rolling out its refund/apology, Goodarzi told me the company had decided on the refund fix a week and half before, but didn’t announce it until it could roll it out properly. (It has, for example, included information about the refund in its software updates.) So it presumably had time to consider the privacy issues. The states also accuse Intuit of actively attempting to steer taxpayers away from the IRS Free File program.
TurboTax Brings Back Absolute Zero – Start Filing You…
This allowed it to track if it was on a computer previously, even through reinstalling the operating system. This also caused it to conflict with some boot loaders that store data there, rendering those computers unbootable. Rates and terms set on third-party websites are subject to change without notice.
The Turbotax 2014 demo is available to all software users as a free download with potential restrictions compared with the full version. Rejected deposits are likely to be reissued as paper checks, although the IRS may also instruct taxpayers to file their 2020 tax return to claim their payment, the person said. Once approved, H&R Block will then send a link for one free download of H&R Block Deluxe + State tax software.
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You may cancel your subscription at anytime by calling Customer Service. Point West Business Accounts are designed for owners of small businesses that seek stress-free access to the cash flow they need. Assistant U.S. Attorney Marisa J. Miller, who is handling the case, stated that according to the indictment, the defendants conspired to defraud Intuit, Inc., the manufacturer of TurboTax and Quicken software products. As part of the scheme, the defendants contacted Intuit, claimed that software discs they purchased were lost, stolen or damaged, and requested free replacement discs.
- Every change Walecki and his team implemented was designed to enrich the user experience and reward taxpayers throughout their journey.
- In 2019, according to a ProPublica analysis of IRS data, the two giants accounted for 81% of all individual returns filed using tax prep software.
- Many were also unhappy because claiming the rebate required customers to complete their taxes and e-file before applying.
- After a few weeks, more than 350,000 people had downloaded the app.
- A few months after I filed, the IRS was happy to send me a bill for the amount I had forgotten to report along with penalty interest.
Even then, only returns from taxpayers that were owed refunds could be processed electronically. Time is starting to run out on the 2023 tax season — your federal income tax returns must be filed by April 18. If you haven’t started your taxes yet, a program such as TurboTax can help you find extra deductions and calculate your taxes for you. TurboTax can even autofill your address and employer information from last year, making it that much easier and faster. However, based on their income level alone, they may still be eligible to electronically file for free through the IRS.
The company has now announced that customers will also be allowed toupgrade from within TurboTax Deluxe for free, allowing them access to the removed forms. Even as TurboTax’s business thrived, 2019 has been a rocky year for Intuit’s long-running war against government encroachment. In April, the company was close to finally succeeding in its long-held goal to make Free File permanent. A bill called the Taxpayer First Act was sailing toward almost unanimous approval in Congress. But after ProPublica published a series of stories about the program, including a story showing that military families and students were particularly affected by Intuit’s business tactics, the bill stalled.
- Every few years, the IRS and the industry got together to renew the deal.
- Ha, I was waiting for you to post an article about Turbotax and tax software!
- But this didn’t calm the anger that many felt, particularly because the cost of upgrading for some customers was much greater than what was offered with the rebate.
- Tax simplification bills similar to Bankman’s were introduced again in 2007, 2008, and 2010.
- In 2005 TurboTax extended its offering by allowing any taxpayer to use a basic version of its federal product for free as part of the Free File Alliance.
- With TurboTax, you can be confident your taxes will be done right.
What really mattered was the potential market that Intuit could target with its new products. When Intuit launched its personal finance management tool Quicken in 1983, there were turbotax 2014 availability already dozens of similar financial products available for the nascent home computer market. Many of these products boasted features and functionality that Quicken lacked.
ReadyReturn was immensely popular with the participating taxpayers. Almost all of them said they would happily use ReadyReturn again in the future. Treasurers in several other states began asking Bankman how they could implement streamlined, pre-prepared returns in their own states. Consumers were seduced by the product’s ease of use and the expedited returns processing, and Intuit’s many competitors were scrambling to copy much of TurboTax’s functionality.
- Similarly, few companies face threats as grave as those posed by the federal government’s taxation policies as Intuit.
- Intuit also relied on data gathered by its “usability labs,” on-site testing environments in which participants used Quicken under observation.
- The company’s new “Pay Per Return” policy was criticized for adding a $9.95 fee to print or e-file each additional return after the first, including returns prepared for members of the same household.
- The IRS is seemingly the biggest threat to Intuit and other commercial tax prep businesses, but it has more frequently acted as the industry’s ally, defending the Free File program even in the face of critical internal reviews.
- This proves that great products are great products, regardless of how boring the task they help users complete may be.
A few months after I filed, the IRS was happy to send me a bill for the amount I had forgotten to report along with penalty interest. Would have been so much easier if they just told me up front how much I owed. Even though it’s already 2015 there is still time to contribute to your IRA, putting more money in your nest egg and increasing your ttps://turbo-tax.org/ tax refund. You have up until the day you file your taxes to make a contribution for 2014 and lower your taxes. TurboTax evolved as a product due to careful consideration of user feedback. It would have been all too easy for Intuit to mistake its institutional expertise in tax preparation with the problems its users found most frustrating.
Infographic: Mobile payment worries grow
When buying products through links on the site, we may earn a commission . Allianz Trade’ sector risk ratings measure the risk of non-payment for numerous industries around the world. Learn about demand, profitability, financing and competition risks.
As humans, we remember up to 80% of what we see but just 20% of what we read. Appealing to our visual aptitude, infographics help drive home your message and make a stronger brand association. You can eliminate this situation with your business ventures by taking the time and preparing all the appropriate steps you need to take to succeed. No regardless of the type of company you want to launch, here are nine tips to help you start your own company successfully. Graphic Design Tool Create infographics, flyers and marketing visuals. Thousands of companies are already designing with these templates to save time.
Go step-by-step to find the perfect workflow for you and your team. Outline the global impact of new and faster technology using this eye-catching infographic template. Visually captivate the attention of your audience with the help of this informational infographic template.
In fact, more than half of all companies are using video in their marketing strategy. Brands who switch from text-based display advertising to video advertising have the best chance of converting leads to sales, especially if they do it on mobile platforms. It is evident when we consider that 18 to 24-year-olds spend 36 minutes per week viewing video content on smartphones, the most of all age demographics. For the first time, theBrand-Relative App Growth Indexmeasured which food and drink brands lead the pack in app installs relative to their brand strength – or rather, their user growth potential.
These investments will also serve as insurance to help them cope in the face of ongoing market uncertainty. Only 28% of strategy leaders state that their organizations develop enterprise business capabilities at the speed needed to respond to market changes. For an illustrated look at how powerful video will be, have a look at this infographic created by One Productions.
import transactions into xeros are a powerful tool for capturing the attention of your target audiences. In fact, businesses that publish infographics grow their traffic an average of 12% more than those that don’t. Save countless hours by using these pre-made templates to design your infographics. Outgrow helps top brands generate new traffic and improve conversions through custom built price, savings or ROI calculators. She can be found packing her bags for her next trip, often to the mountains.
[Infographic] How to Create Kickass Interactive Content
We have dedicated groups focused on cardiovascular health, ophthalmology, diabetes, orthopaedics, and AMR/HAI. MedTech Europe strives to support our dynamic sector in meeting the needs of patients and health systems. To achieve this, we focus on engaging with healthcare stakeholders on key issues from regulations and market access to digital health and Brexit, among others. The Shamrock Companies, Inc is a full-service, integrated marketing solutions company with offices throughout the United States. Before you dive into content/infographic development, first consider your audience and your message.
Infographic: Sales growth—five proven strategies – McKinsey
Infographic: Sales growth—five proven strategies.
Posted: Sun, 01 May 2016 07:00:00 GMT [source]
For example, almost two in three people say they would share a video if it was informative. More than half of users say they would share a video if it was inspirational. Like TV before the internet killed the radio star, the online video will most likely dominate internet for a long time to come. The B2C market is especially prone to gravitate towards video, but even in the B2B video will gain traction in the coming years.
The hard part, of course, is finding time and resources to create these infographics. That’s why we’ve created fifteen fully customizable infographic templates that will give you the inspiration and foundation you need to build your own infographics right in PowerPoint or Illustrator. Because 99Designs has so much insight into young companies in the process of creating logos and building brands, they have a bird’s eye view on what industries will likely grow in the coming years. They share these insights in an annual list on high-growth startup industries. Video will be critical to effective marketing strategies, and brands who do them well will increase brand engagement.
How to Scale a Startup: 8 Growth Tips – Bdaily News
How to Scale a Startup: 8 Growth Tips.
Posted: Tue, 14 Mar 2023 09:08:21 GMT [source]
Professionals can edit this infographic template and add the relevant points to their topic. A text area is placed alongside every circular point that helps add information about the stage. The slide has also been made meaningful by using clipart icons relevant to the discussed step. Alternatively, you can download other process diagrams and presentation templates with similar infographics, like the 5 steps growing infographic design which includes additional slides with one step highlighted at a time. Use these infographic templates to present data for your next meeting, promote an offer on social media, or in your next blog post.
The biggest surprise on this list is the cascade of astrology-related businesses. Once considered a niche industry, it’s become more common to see articles about How To Better Communicate With Your Coworkers, According To Your Zodiac Sign or how to Understand Your Boss by Astrology Sign. With the explosion of CBD-related companies, it’s no surprise the growing green industry made the list. “Bio-hacking” sounds intimidating, but it actually refers to the growing practice of making small lifestyle changes as a way to scientifically change your body. Intermittent fasting is probably the best known example of bio-hacking, but it also includes things like drinking bulletproof coffee and tracking your sleep cycles with wearable technology. The appetite for optimizing our time, energy and diet isn’t likely to go anywhere, so that prediction is on point.
Visual information is becoming more and more popular — and now you have the resources to easily create this visual content. Visme was built from the ground up to be more than just another infographic creation tool. At Shamrock, we develop infographics for our customers and use them on websites, in email and social media campaigns, printed materials—anywhere and everywhere a message needs to be delivered in a clear, concise, and compelling way. If you want to learn more about how you can incorporate infographics in your marketing materials, reach out to me at
See the cultural trends that are leading to big business ideas this year. CIOs must continually influence the redesign of the enterprise operating model as digital initiatives accelerate. People prefer video in all situations, even if some other format would work better. Start creating informative and entertaining videos that give value to your audience.
- With the explosion of CBD-related companies, it’s no surprise the growing green industry made the list.
- When buying products through links on the site, we may earn a commission .
- Leading the private mortgage insurance industry by supporting our customers and helping borrowers find a better way to achieve their dreams of homeownership.
- Quality tips, actionable strategies, guides, industry chatter and just overall marketing goodness.
- These circular shapes define the step or stage number, and the increasing diameter of the orbits symbolizes growth.
To get started with ordering MI and servicing assistance from MGIC, begin with a review of our submission options and helpful resources. Gain quick access to the latest underwriting guidelines for MGIC mortgage insurance. We’ll be in your inbox every morning Monday-Saturday with all the day’s top business news, inspiring stories, best advice and exclusive reporting from Entrepreneur. Claims about the company laying off thousands of employees who didn’t have real jobs have been discussed online. Jessica Thomas is the senior digital content director at Entrepreneur. Prior to this role, she spent nearly five years on staff at Worth magazine and was a staff writer for Bustle.
Driving new ways of generating better https://bookkeeping-reviews.com/ leads, and building marketing automation tools, has become my obsession. Go with straightforward, to-the-point copy and graphics to create compelling infographics without the fluff. This clean-graphic approach allows readers to easily glean the important information and are particularly effective in social media campaigns where they can easily be digested and shared. As social media platforms continue to push visual content, infographics can help get your message seen—and shared—increase traffic, generate new brand ambassadors, etc.
How do I report earnest money income from a contingency contract to sell inherited property? Contingency contract ends Dec 2019
The first line of a closing statement is the purchase price. Many investors find that purchasing a new commercial property is easy. But the next step, recording the purchase as a fixed asset in QuickBooks, can be complicated and confusing.
Follow this step if you keep the money from customer retainers and deposits in a separate trust account. From the Income account ▼ dropdown menu, select the liability account created in Step 1. The following journal is created from this ALTA Settlement Statement.
How do I report earnest money income from a contingency contract to sell inherited property? My current question is how to record the earnest money I paid. In some cases, the seller may have already paid a portion of the expenses due for your new property. These will appear in a section as adjustments for items prepaid by the seller. Increase the debit line on your journal for any amount shown. First, look up the most recent tax assessment for the property.
Step 1. Create a liability account
From the Report period ▼ dropdown menu, select All Dates. From the Account Type ▼ dropdown menu, select Other Current Liabilities. First, you need to create a liability account to track the amount of the retainers you receive from your customers. We have made two Good Faith Deposits to each different loan company. Will these deposits be Other Current Assets until the deal goes through?
In QuickBooks, navigate to the transactions through the left side of the money. You can Print the deposit slip by selecting the Print option. Lastly, you have to press Save and Close to complete the process. Select Save and Close in order to complete the process. The amount of your cash expense must then be entered. After that, Manually enter the money into the account.
In the Delete process, select the file, lists, or transactions you want to delete, then apply the filters on the file and then click on the Delete option. After that, apply the filters, select the fields, and then do the export. It often happens that users post certain transactions to a specific account. Such accounts can be accessed via the Chart of Accounts.
When the payment has been completed to clear the invoice, you can enter the invoice’s details. In QuickBooks Online, cash payments can also be recorded using the Expense option. Moreover, you can create a single Vendor profile and report the payment total. One can keep track of all the company’s financial transactions with the use of QuickBooks Online by entering cash payments through the Expense option.
If you prefer to invoice customers for deposits or retainers instead of receiving them directly, skip to Option 2. Once you have set up the accounts and the retainer or deposit item, you can begin to create Sales receipts for the deposits or retainers you receive. From the Detail Type ▼ dropdown menu, select Trust Accounts- Liabilities.
How to Record Cash Payments in QuickBooks Desktop & Online
I know the down payment isn’t tax deductible, but I believe some of the closing costs and such are. Invest in real estate and never run out of money! Buy, Rehab, Rent, Refinance, Repeat is the five-part BRRRR real estate investing strategy that makes financial freedom more attainable than ever. Any of these documents will contain the information that you need to prepare a closing journal entry. You can use the Direct Connect Option by enrolling for the Direct Connect service which will allow you access to the small business online banking option at bankofamerica.com. This feature allows you to share bills, payments, information, and much more.
The earnest money deposits are current assets. You can create a new asset account to track these. When you enter the detailed line by line HUD-1 as a journal entry you will credit each earnest deposit in the deal. If, for some reason, a certain loan is not approved and the earnest money is returned then you would handle that as a refund against the asset account. Rarely,except maybe with 100% financing, does earnest money get returned instead of being applied to amounts due from buyer.
First, create two new accounts that will be needed for recording the purchase of a commercial property in QuickBooks. The expense reduces your liability account and your chosen bank account without affecting any of your business expense accounts. When you charge a customer for the services you perform for them, you can turn the retainer or deposit you previously received into credit on an invoice and receive it like a payment.
An https://bookkeeping-reviews.com/ can have a zero total, but not a negative one. Instead of creating Sales receipts , you can invoice customers. Select an option from theWhen do you want to start tracking your finances from this account in QuickBooks? Select an option from theWhen do you want to start tracking your finances from the is account in QuickBooks?
Christy Bieber – All Articles for The Ascent – The Motley Fool
Christy Bieber – All Articles for The Ascent.
Posted: Fri, 22 Feb 2019 12:40:16 GMT [source]
Unlike the 20 best restaurant accounting software of 2021 capitalized costs, loan costs will amortize according to the duration of the loan (15 years, 30 years, etc.). If you pay off your loan early or refinance the property, you will be able to expense any remaining capitalized loan costs at that time. Once you have the building ratio, multiply it by your purchase price less any seller credits to determine the building value for your journal. The land value will equal the effective price less the building value. Both buildings and land appear as debits in your journal to establish them as assets on the balance sheet. Calculating this split is important because the building value will depreciate over the course of your ownership of the property while the land will not.
What do I need to know about mileage deductions for my rental property investments?
Thus, now that you know how to record cash purchases in QuickBooks, hop on for it to ensure all your data is tactfully recorded. Now, these are the closing steps and in this, you will see how to record a cash payment to a vendor in QuickBooks Online. From the options given, choose the type of bank account. As said, a lot of petty cash transactions might be involved in your daily business activities. Recording it or managing it in your books, might not sound or feel necessary at times.
The property was assessed at $40,000 land value and $125,000 building value. Note the use of offsetting Auto-Balance lines to split the journal into two entries that can be attached to the two fixed assets which should be created. Some CPA’s will prepare closing journals for you. Since these are your financial records though, your understanding is still important. If you are unable to see the option to terminate an employee on your list of active employees on the company payroll, this mostly implies that they have some history.
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Best Small Business Apps.
Posted: Fri, 07 Dec 2018 16:50:23 GMT [source]
I have not set up the loan accounts in QB yet because I do not know how much we are approved for yet. I do know that these accounts will be set up as Long Term Liabilities upon the finalizations of funding. If the prior owner left bills outstanding, there may be adjustments for items unpaid by the seller, which decrease the total you owe at closing. Add a credit line for the account of any amounts shown. In this article, we’ll explain what a closing statement is, walk through the types of line items typically present, and show you a sample journal that correctly fits the pieces together.
Add this amount to your journal as a credit pointing to either the bank or appropriate owner’s equity account. At closing you’ll receive credit for any earnest money deposit that you made for the purchase. Credit this amount in your journal to Earnest Money Deposits or whatever account you used to record the deposited funds.
The retainer item can now be selected when creating an invoice or sales receipt for a deposit or retainer payment. If you granted someone an option to buy your home and it expired in the year of sale, report the amount you received for the option as ordinary income. Report this amount on Form 1040, line 21 or 1040NR, line 21.
You can choose a specific transaction and select the print command to receive a hard copy of the particular form. Each of the cash transactions that you do every day, now with QuickBooks you can manage and record all of them. This article will help you in understanding how to record cash purchases in QuickBooks. Select the retainer entry that you just created, from the Product/Service ▼ dropdown under the Item details section.
These Bank Stocks And ETFs Are Taking Big Hits After The Collapse Of Silicon Valley Bank
Once the environmental and planning phase is completed, a construction permit must be obtained. The process of obtaining a full set of decisions takes from a few months to 1-1.5 years . After the completion of the development, an occupancy permit is issued. When it comes to buying, a distinction can be made between share deals and asset deals, both of which are also possible in the PRS. However, there is a more important distinction between buying an entire building and buying a package of residential units.
Where is the highest sales tax in Arizona?
Arizona: Sales Tax Handbook
Combined with the state sales tax, the highest sales tax rate in Arizona is 11.1% in the city of Tucson.
Treasury bonds and other relatively conservative investments at low interest rates, explained Aaron Klein, a financial expert at the Brookings Institution, a D.C.-based think tank. As the crisis continues to unfold, shares of companies involved in the banking sector will continue to be volatile. ETFs will provide relative stability compared to individual stocks because of their more diversified nature. Broadly diversified funds such as those that track the S&P 500 will provide the most protection because they hold companies across the economic spectrum, not just those involved in banking or financial market activities. KeyCorp was created in 1958 and provides a range of banking services such as retail and commercial banking, student loan refinancing, investment management and consumer finance. The Cleveland-based bank operated 972 branches across 15 states at the end of 2022.
After two historic US bank failures, here’s what comes next
After sifting through data and numerous living factors, the list of the best cities to live in the U.S. for a $55,000 salary has been revealed. As a tourist destination, the city has a high number of bars and restaurants per resident. Morrisville offers close access to each of the three universities, as well as the companies that are located nearby. Morrisville is one of the fastest-growing communities in the entire country. In the past five years, its population grew more than 30 percent, from just over 13,000 to 22,600.
Funded by a local foundation, St. Luke’s https://quick-bookkeeping.net/ Initiatives, the group was identifying issues such as which grants the state might be eligible for. Tate budget cuts and lingering fallout from the recession have intensified pressures on Phoenix safety net providers amid increasing demand from more unemployed and uninsured people. Some providers have been able to meet these challenges through increased federal funds, revised payment collection policies and greater efficiencies in service delivery. Most transactions are either forward purchase or forward funding structures. In the case of a forward purchase transaction, a preliminary sale agreement is concluded and upon the completion of the development , the property is sold to the buyer.
Instability in northern Mexico
Also, the town’s five-year average unemployment rate of 2.6 percent is 4.8 percentage points below the comparable nationwide rate. Long commutes by car can have a negative effect on physical and mental health. Honolulu residents utilize alternative methods of getting to and from work.
We have developed two algorithms called the uncorrelated shrunken centroid algorithm, and the error-weighted, uncorrelated shrunken centroid algorithm. Both USC and EWUSC are integrated feature-selection and classification algorithms that are applicable to data with any number of classes. Our primary contribution is that both USC and EWUSC exploit interdependence between genes to reduce the number of selected features. In addition, EWUSC takes advantage of variability estimates over repeated measurements to down-weight noisy genes and noisy experiments so that no ad hoc filtering step is necessary.
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Ironically, a big chunk of that $620 billion in unArizona Sales Tax Relatively High, Many Valley Rates Mostly Stableized losses can be tied to the Federal Reserve’s own interest-rate policies over the past year. Banks will be allowed to borrow money straight from the Fed in order to cover any potential rush of customer withdrawals without being forced into the type of money-losing bond sales that would threaten their financial stability. The number of hospitalizations that would have been prevented by regularly scheduled doctor visits for every 1,000 Medicare enrollees – known as the preventable hospitalization rate – was given half weighting.
- Nguyen and Rocke used partial least squares for feature selection, together with traditional classification algorithms such as logistic discrimination and quadratic discrimination to classify multiple tumor types from microarray data.
- Texan soldiers had fought in a Mexican city before (the Siege of Béxar in December 1835) and advised Taylor’s generals that the Americans needed to “mouse hole” through the city’s homes.
- Hence, our EWUSC and USC algorithms represent advances over the published SC algorithm .
- S. Army, was the Saint Patrick’s Battalion or , composed primarily of several hundred immigrant soldiers, the majority Catholic Irish and German immigrants, who deserted the U.S.
- ETFs will provide relative stability compared to individual stocks because of their more diversified nature.
The Mexican government also decided to reinstate the property tax and increase tariffs on shipped American goods. The settlers and many Mexican businessmen in the region rejected the demands, which led to Mexico closing Texas to additional immigration, which continued from the United States into Texas illegally. U.S. President John Tyler’s administration suggested a tripartite pact to settle the Oregon boundary dispute and provide for the cession of the port of San Francisco from Mexico.
Table 6 summarizes our prediction accuracy results using the EWUSC, USC and SC algorithms on the NCI 60 data, multiple tumor data and breast cancer data at optimal parameters. In general, we showed that using variability over repeated measurements to down-weight noisy genes/experiments and the removal of highly correlated genes usually reduce the number of relevant genes necessary for accurate class predictions. In addition, using variability of repeated measurements to down-weight noisy genes/experiments generally increases feature stability. Hence, our EWUSC and USC algorithms represent advances over the published SC algorithm . The detailed results of applying the EWUSC and USC algorithms to the breast cancer data are shown in Figures S8 and S9 on . Surprisingly, removing highly correlated genes does not produce any considerable improvement in prediction accuracy and does not drastically reduce the number of relevant genes.
For comparison, the state’s bachelor’s degree attainment rate is 35.5 percent. This high level of education, coupled with the fact that Winchester is just outside of Boston, can make it easier for residents to find jobs. Winchester has the lowest unemployment rate, at 2.7 percent, of anywhere in the state. This high level of employment likely helps drive down the poverty rate in Winchester. Just 2.4 percent of Winchester residents live below the poverty line, the lowest share in Massachusetts.
Sea-level rise could displace as many as 13 million coastal residents by 2060, including 290,000 people in North Carolina. A surge in air-conditioning broke the state’s electrical grid, leaving a population already ravaged by the coronavirus to work remotely by the dim light of their cellphones. By midmonth, the state had recorded possibly the hottest temperature ever measured on earth — 130 degrees in Death Valley — and an otherworldly storm of lightning had cracked open the sky.